Flashback Archives - Africa Defense Forum
Africa Defense Forum
ADF is a professional military magazine published quarterly by U.S. Africa Command to provide an international forum for African security professionals. ADF covers topics such as counter terrorism strategies, security and defense operations, transnational crime, and all other issues affecting peace, stability, and good governance on the African continent.
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Sundiata Keita, the Lion King of Mali

ADF STAFF I teach kings the history of their ancestors, so that the lives of the ancients might serve them as an example, for the world is old, but the future springs from the past. Those are the words of griot, or storyteller, Djeli…

Bai Bureh, the Warrior of Sierra Leone

ADF STAFF Bai Bureh once earned the nickname Kebalai, which means “one who never tires of war.” In 1898, he took on one of the most highly trained, disciplined armies in the world. Armed with little more than his stealth, cunning and…

Oliver Tambo: From Exile to Exalted

ADF STAFF The world recognizes Nelson Mandela as the father of post-apartheid South Africa, but he always acknowledged he had help. One of his key partners was Oliver Tambo. For nearly three decades, the two men led the fight against…

The Dark Star of the Enlightenment

ADF STAFF In 1827, Russia’s greatest poet, Alexander Pushkin, began his first work of prose, a historical novel titled The Moor of Peter the Great. It was based on the life of his African-born great-grandfather, Abram Petrovich Gannibal,…

Thutmose III the Warrior Pharaoh

ADF STAFF In the course of more than 3,000 years, 170 pharaohs ruled Egypt. Of those, the greatest military leader was Thutmose III, the sixth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. Thutmose inherited the throne when his father died, but he was…

Archbishop Janani Luwum Martyr of Uganda

When Janani Luwum, Anglican archbishop of Uganda, stood up to President Idi Amin and his atrocities in 1977, he knew Amin would not tolerate it. Turning to one of his friends, Luwum said, “They are going to kill me. I am not afraid.” His…