Africa Defense Forum
ADF is a professional military magazine published quarterly by U.S. Africa Command to provide an international forum for African security professionals. ADF covers topics such as counter terrorism strategies, security and defense operations, transnational crime, and all other issues affecting peace, stability, and good governance on the African continent.
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Where Am I?

Where Am I?

CLUES This city was developed in the 15th and 16th centuries with the establishment of the Sultanate of Aïr. Its center, which is divided into 11 irregular sections, was an important crossroads for caravan traders. A 27-meter…

Where Am I?

CLUES This area has 18 lakes of various sizes, depths and colors.  These permanent lakes in a desert result from an aquifer and a complex hydrological system that is not fully understood. Some of the lakes have blue, green or…

Where Am I?

CLUES It is an oasis known as “the pearl of the desert.” The area has been settled since prehistoric times, and it once was home to a Roman garrison. The typical domestic architecture in the town incorporates a vertical…

Where Am I?

CLUES This area covers more than 3 million hectares. Wind, along with river and ocean currents, carried materials thousands of kilometers to form these desert dunes. The area includes gravel plains, coastal flats, rocky hills, a…

Where Am I?

CLUES The ruins of this ancient city include obelisks, stone pillars, royal tombs and castles. The kingdom, at the crossroads of Africa, Arabia and the Greco-Roman world, once was the most powerful state between Persia and the…

Where Am I?

CLUES The Carthaginians founded this site as a trading post, and it was permanently settled in the fourth century B.C. After the fall of Carthage, the city came under Roman rule. Baths, temples and fountains remain from this time.…