ADF is a professional military magazine published quarterly by U.S. Africa Command to provide an international forum for African security professionals. ADF covers topics such as counter terrorism strategies, security and defense operations, transnational crime, and all other issues affecting peace, stability, and good governance on the African continent.
This city was built as a fortified colony on the Atlantic coast in the early 16th century.
It is one of the first settlements Portuguese explorers created in Africa on the route to India.
Among the original surviving…
This needle-shaped volcanic plug stands 386 meters tall.
Mosses, frequent fog and rain make climbing this peak dangerous, yet some still attempt the slippery ascent each year.
The area around the peak is known for exotic…
This city was developed in the 15th and 16th centuries with the establishment of the Sultanate of Aïr.
Its center, which is divided into 11 irregular sections, was an important crossroads for caravan traders.
This area has 18 lakes of various sizes, depths and colors.
These permanent lakes in a desert result from an aquifer and a complex hydrological system that is not fully understood.
Some of the lakes have blue, green or…
It is an oasis known as “the pearl of the desert.”
The area has been settled since prehistoric times, and it once was home to a Roman garrison.
The typical domestic architecture in the town incorporates a vertical…
This area covers more than 3 million hectares.
Wind, along with river and ocean currents, carried materials thousands of kilometers to form these desert dunes.
The area includes gravel plains, coastal flats, rocky hills, a…