Africa Defense Forum
ADF is a professional military magazine published quarterly by U.S. Africa Command to provide an international forum for African security professionals. ADF covers topics such as counter terrorism strategies, security and defense operations, transnational crime, and all other issues affecting peace, stability, and good governance on the African continent.

Waves of Opportunity and Risk


As nations emerge from the pandemic, they are trying to boost economic growth wherever possible. One focus is the “blue economy,” made up of the businesses that rely on water to thrive. This sector, which includes energy, tourism and fishing, is projected to double from 2010 to 2030, when it will employ 40 million people globally. Africa’s 47,000 kilometers of coastline ideally positions it to capitalize on that growth. But this prosperity faces threats from piracy, trafficking and illegal fishing. Security professionals will need to protect the continent’s fisheries, trade routes and ports so that the economic windfall can become a reality. These charts illustrate the promise and threats to Africa’s blue economy.


An employee walks at the Doraleh Container Terminal in Djibouti. AFP/Getty Images

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