Africa Defense Forum
ADF is a professional military magazine published quarterly by U.S. Africa Command to provide an international forum for African security professionals. ADF covers topics such as counter terrorism strategies, security and defense operations, transnational crime, and all other issues affecting peace, stability, and good governance on the African continent.

Angola Moves Toward a Mine-Free Future

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After three decades of civil war, Angola is left with a deadly legacy: land mines. Although fighting ended in 2002, Angola remains one of the most heavily mined countries in the world. Land mine explosions killed 76 people in 2019.

An estimated one-fifth of the country’s population lives in areas with mines, which affect every aspect of their lives.

“Land mines not only kill and maim innocent people, but also isolate communities from basic needs such as water sources and travel routes and productive land crucial for growing crops and grazing livestock,” the demining group APOPO said.

The country set a goal of removing all mines by 2025 and made significant progress by removing and destroying nearly 10,000 explosive devices in 2019. But it has experienced setbacks due to lost revenue from dropping oil prices and the economic recession caused by COVID-19.

To help keep Angola on track, the United States is donating $11.1 million for demining and weapons stockpile management. Since 1995, the U.S. has contributed
$145 million to these causes in Angola.

“Twenty-five years of committed U.S. support for humanitarian demining has resulted in the destruction of over 218,000 land mines and other explosive hazards, and the safe return of over 463 square kilometers of land to the people of Angola,” U.S. Ambassador to Angola Nina Marie Fite said.

Part of the funding will help rehabilitate and build 16 storage facilities for weapons and munitions and train experts in stockpile management. Since 2006, the U.S. has helped Angola destroy nearly 108,000 excess weapons and 588 metric tons of obsolete and unneeded ammunition.

One of the groups supported by the funding, HALO Trust, has recruited and trained all-female demining teams in the country. HALO’s 100 Women in Demining project offers empowerment and opportunity to women from low-income areas, many of them single mothers.

“The difference we make to the community is huge because people can go about their lives. They are much happier because they feel safe,” Rita Kassova Kachiponde, a deminer, said in a HALO Trust video. “I will feel very, very happy when Angola is cleared of mines.”

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