ADF is a professional military magazine published quarterly by U.S. Africa Command to provide an international forum for African security professionals. ADF covers topics such as counter terrorism strategies, security and defense operations, transnational crime, and all other issues affecting peace, stability, and good governance on the African continent.
During the four centuries of its rule, the Mali Empire was known around the world for its fabulous wealth in gold.
Nearly 700 years later, areas of the former empire are still rich with deposits of the precious metal. Now…