Africa Defense Forum
ADF is a professional military magazine published quarterly by U.S. Africa Command to provide an international forum for African security professionals. ADF covers topics such as counter terrorism strategies, security and defense operations, transnational crime, and all other issues affecting peace, stability, and good governance on the African continent.

Chad Paying Debt to Angola With Cattle


Chad is repaying Angola a debt of $100 million with cattle, Angola’s state-run newspaper has reported.

The unusual agreement is seen as creating a win-win situation for both nations — Chad is short of cash and Angola needs cattle.

More than 1,000 cows arrived by ship in Angola’s capital, Luanda, as the first payment, Jornal de Angola reported. In total, Angola will receive 75,000 cattle over 10 years, meaning it has accepted payment of $1,333 per animal.

Chad had proposed repaying the 2017 debt with cattle, and Angola had agreed because it would help the Southern African state rebuild its cattle population in drought-affected areas. Angola is often hit by drought, causing animals to die of hunger and thirst and leaving many villagers destitute.

Although oil rich, the country is still striving to recover from the legacy of a 27-year civil war that ravaged the country after independence.

Chad is described by the World Health Organization of Animal Health as a “livestock farming country par excellence,” with 94 million head of cattle. Livestock accounts for 30% of Chad’s exports and is its main source of foreign exchange after oil.

In an October 2019 report, the World Bank said Chad’s economy “remains fragile and vulnerable to considerable risk, such as oil price volatility and regional insecurity” caused by militants operating in the region.

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